Hefei, January 14, CCTV news (reporter Zhao Jiahui) on January 13, Anhui Provincial Health Commission issued a reminder that refusing to wear masks in public places, refusing to cooperate with health information verification in residential areas, and failing to participate in the nucleic acid testing organized by a unified organization are suspected of violating the law. The following 22 kinds of illegal behaviors in epidemic prevention and control must be understood.

1. Those who take public transportation, enter or leave communities, supermarkets, vegetable markets, hotels and other public places, refuse to cooperate with the management personnel to persuade them to wear masks, and are suspected of violating Article 23 of the law of the people's Republic of China on administrative penalties for public security (hereinafter referred to as the "law on administrative penalties for public security") and be given a warning or a fine of less than 200 yuan; If the circumstances are relatively serious, the offender shall be detained for not less than 5 days but not more than 10 days, and may also be fined not more than 500 yuan. Those who cause the spread of new-type coronavirus or have serious risk of transmission may be suspected of violating Article 330 of the criminal law of the people's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as the "criminal law") and constitute the crime of hindering the prevention and control of infectious diseases.

2. Those who enter or leave communities, supermarkets, vegetable markets, hotels and other relevant places and refuse to cooperate with health information verification and identity registration regulations shall be punished with a warning or a fine of less than 200 yuan if they are suspected of violating Article 50 of the law on administrative penalties for public security; If the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not less than 5 days but not more than 10 days, and may also be fined not more than 500 yuan. Those who cause the spread of new coronavirus or have serious risk of transmission may be suspected of violating Article 330 of the criminal law, constituting the crime of hindering the prevention and control of infectious diseases.

3. Vehicles and personnel passing through the epidemic prevention and control point refuse to cooperate or accept the inspection by the staff of the checkpoint by punching cards or other methods, and are suspected of violating Article 50 of the law on administrative penalties for public security, and shall be given a warning or a fine of less than 200 yuan; If the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not less than 5 days but not more than 10 days, and may also be fined not more than 500 yuan. Those who cause the spread of new coronavirus or have serious risk of transmission may be suspected of violating Article 330 of the criminal law, constituting the crime of hindering the prevention and control of infectious diseases.

4. If the population included in the scope of nucleic acid testing does not participate in the nucleic acid testing organized by the unified organization, it is suspected of violating Article 51 of the regulations on emergency response to public health emergencies, and the relevant units and individuals do not cooperate with the investigation, sampling, technical analysis and inspection, which may violate Article 50 of the law on administrative penalties for public security, thus constituting an act of violating public security administration, It will be punished by public security organs according to law; Those who are suspected of constituting a crime shall be investigated for criminal responsibility for the crime of interfering with the prevention and control of infectious diseases in accordance with Article 330 of the criminal law.

5. Residents who refuse to cooperate with the sealed control management, violate the "guidelines for health management", go out and gather without authorization, are suspected of violating Article 50 of the law on public security management penalties, and will be given a warning or a fine of less than 200 yuan; If the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not less than 5 days but not more than 10 days, and may also be fined not more than 500 yuan. Those who cause the spread of new coronavirus or have serious risk of spreading may be suspected of violating Article 330 of the criminal law, constituting the crime of hindering the prevention and control of infectious diseases; If a confirmed patient or pathogen carrier conceals the disease condition or the travel information, enters a public place or takes a public transport vehicle, causing the spread of the new type of coronavirus, he may be suspected of violating articles 114 and 115 of the criminal law, thus constituting a crime of endangering public security by dangerous means.

6. Personnel with yellow or red health codes who fail to carry out home health monitoring or centralized isolation observation in accordance with the provisions shall be given a warning or a fine of less than 200 yuan if they are suspected of violating Article 50 of the law on administrative penalties for public security; If the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not less than 5 days but not more than 10 days, and may also be fined not more than 500 yuan. Those who cause the spread of new coronavirus or have serious risk of transmission may be suspected of violating Article 330 of the criminal law, constituting the crime of hindering the prevention and control of infectious diseases.

7. During the period of epidemic prevention and control, if the residents go out to participate in gathering activities such as playing cards, catering and entertainment in violation of the regulations, and have no effect after persuasion, they shall be suspected of violating Article 50 of the law on administrative penalties for public security, and be given a warning or a fine of less than 200 yuan; If the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not less than 5 days but not more than 10 days, and may also be fined not more than 500 yuan. Those who cause the spread of new coronavirus or have serious risk of spreading may be suspected of violating Article 330 of the criminal law, constituting the crime of hindering the prevention and control of infectious diseases; If a confirmed patient or pathogen carrier conceals the disease condition or the travel information, enters a public place or takes a public transport vehicle, causing the spread of the new type of coronavirus, he may be suspected of violating articles 114 and 115 of the criminal law, thus constituting a crime of endangering public security by dangerous means.

8. During the period of epidemic prevention and control, tutoring classes, chess and card stalls and mahjong rooms are set up in the family residence, and cold and fever drugs are sold illegally. If they are suspected of violating Article 50 of the law on administrative penalties for public security, a warning or a fine of less than 200 yuan will be imposed; If the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not less than 5 days but not more than 10 days, and may also be fined not more than 500 yuan. Those who cause the spread of new coronavirus or have serious risk of transmission may be suspected of violating Article 330 of the criminal law, constituting the crime of hindering the prevention and control of infectious diseases.

9. Those who fail to accept health monitoring and management in accordance with the provisions after the centralized isolation and whose persuasion is ineffective are suspected of violating Article 50 of the law on administrative penalties for public security and shall be given a warning or a fine of less than 200 yuan; If the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not less than 5 days but not more than 10 days, and may also be fined not more than 500 yuan. Those who cause the spread of new coronavirus or have serious risk of transmission may be suspected of violating Article 330 of the criminal law, constituting the crime of hindering the prevention and control of infectious diseases.

10. Anyone who conceals the illness, conceals the travel information (especially the residence history in key areas), conceals the history of close contact with confirmed cases or suspected cases, is suspected of violating Article 50 of the law on administrative penalties for public security, and shall be given a warning or a fine of less than 200 yuan; If the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not less than 5 days but not more than 10 days, and may also be fined not more than 500 yuan. Those who cause the spread of new coronavirus or have serious risk of spreading may be suspected of violating Article 330 of the criminal law, constituting the crime of hindering the prevention and control of infectious diseases; If a confirmed patient or pathogen carrier conceals the disease condition or the travel information, enters a public place or takes a public transport vehicle, causing the spread of the new type of coronavirus, he may be suspected of violating articles 114 and 115 of the criminal law, thus constituting a crime of endangering public security by dangerous means.

11. During the period of prevention and control of new coronavirus infection pneumonia, the staff of the government health administrative department engaged in the prevention and control of infectious diseases are seriously irresponsible, causing the spread or spread of new coronavirus pneumonia. If the circumstances are serious, they may be suspected of violating Article 409 of the criminal law, constituting the crime of dereliction of duty in the prevention and control of infectious diseases.

12. If residents and enterprises do not cooperate in disinfection work related to epidemic prevention and control, and the dissuasion fails, they will be suspected of violating Article 50 of the law on administrative penalties for public security, and will be given a warning or a fine of less than 200 yuan; If the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not less than 5 days but not more than 10 days, and may also be fined not more than 500 yuan. Those who cause the spread of new coronavirus or have serious risk of transmission may be suspected of violating Article 330 of the criminal law, constituting the crime of hindering the prevention and control of infectious diseases. Those who use violence or threat to obstruct the staff of state organs (including those engaged in public affairs of epidemic prevention and control in state organs) from carrying out epidemic investigation according to law may be suspected of violating Article 277 of the criminal law, constituting the crime of obstructing public affairs.

13. Those who refuse to cooperate with the disease control and public security departments in epidemiological investigation of epidemic situation are suspected of violating Article 50 of the law on administrative penalties for public security and shall be given a warning or a fine of less than 200 yuan; If the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not less than 5 days but not more than 10 days, and may also be fined not more than 500 yuan. It may be suspected of violating Article 330 of the criminal law, constituting the crime of hindering the prevention and control of infectious diseases. Those who use violence or threat to obstruct the staff of state organs (including those engaged in public affairs of epidemic prevention and control in state organs) from carrying out epidemic investigation according to law may be suspected of violating Article 277 of the criminal law, constituting the crime of obstructing public affairs.

14. During the epidemic period, those who maliciously hoard, bid up prices and seek exorbitant profits shall be dealt with by the market supervision and administration department according to law and regulations. Where the amount of illegal income is relatively large or there are other serious circumstances that seriously disrupt the market order, or those who are suspected of violating the relevant provisions of the state on market operation and price management during the period of preventing and controlling the epidemic situation of infectious diseases, etc., by driving up prices and making exorbitant profits, thus seriously disrupting the market order, with a large amount of illegal income or other serious circumstances, It may be suspected of violating Article 225 of the criminal law, which constitutes the crime of illegal business operation.

15. Those who, in violation of the provisions on epidemic prevention and control, throw masks, protective clothing and other medical protective articles, etc., and, in accordance with Article 338 of the criminal law and in violation of the law on the prevention and control of infectious diseases and other epidemic prevention and control regulations, arbitrarily dispose of medical protective articles, equipment, medical and domestic wastes and other toxic and harmful substances containing new coronavirus pathogens, thus seriously polluting the environment, May be suspected of environmental pollution crime. The intentional release of the pathogen of new coronal pneumonia, which seriously endangers public security, causes serious injury, death or heavy losses to public and private property, may be suspected of violating articles 114 and 115 of the criminal law, constituting the crime of endangering public security by dangerous means.

16. How to deal with patients and suspected patients who refuse or leave isolation treatment without authorization. According to the provisions of the first paragraph of Article 39 of the law of the people's Republic of China on the prevention and control of infectious diseases, if a person refuses to be treated in isolation or leaves isolation treatment without authorization before the expiration of the isolation period, the public security organ may assist the medical institution to take compulsory isolation treatment measures.

17. During the epidemic period, those who intentionally spread the pathogen of new coronavirus pneumonia and endanger public security may be suspected of violating articles 114 and 115 of the criminal law, thus constituting a crime of endangering public security by dangerous means, without causing serious consequences, shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than three years but not more than 10 years; If serious consequences are caused, the offender shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than 10 years, life imprisonment or death penalty.

18. Those who have symptoms of fever, dry cough, fatigue, loss of sense of smell and taste, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat, conjunctivitis, myalgia and diarrhea, who fail to seek medical treatment in the fever clinic according to the requirements of epidemic prevention and control, and are ineffective after persuasion, are suspected of violating Article 50 of the law on administrative penalties for public security and shall be given a warning or a fine of less than 200 yuan; If the circumstances are serious, he shall be detained for not less than 5 days but not more than 10 days, and may also be fined not more than 500 yuan. Those who cause the spread of new coronavirus or have serious risk of transmission may be suspected of violating Article 330 of the criminal law, constituting the crime of hindering the prevention and control of infectious diseases.

19. Those who are infected with new-type coronavirus who resist epidemic prevention and control measures, deliberately spread new-type coronavirus to infect pneumonia pathogen and endanger public security, and have one of the following circumstances: (1) the confirmed patients or pathogen carriers of new-type coronavirus who have refused isolation treatment or leave isolation treatment without authorization before the expiration of the isolation period, And enter public places or public transport vehicles; (2) If a suspected patient with pneumonia infected by new coronavirus refuses to receive isolation treatment or leaves isolation treatment without authorization before the expiration of the isolation period, and enters public places or public transport vehicles, causing the spread of the new type of coronavirus, he may be suspected of endangering public security by dangerous means, and shall be convicted and punished in accordance with the provisions of Article 114 and Article 115, paragraph 1 of the criminal law.

20. Those who produce medical equipment such as medical masks, goggles and protective clothing that do not meet the national and industrial standards for safeguarding human health shall be subject to administrative punishment by the market supervision and administration department. If the circumstances are serious, they may be suspected of violating the provisions of Article 145 of the criminal law, and shall be convicted of the crime of producing and selling medical equipment that does not meet the standards, and shall be given a heavier punishment according to law.

21. Those who, in violation of the relevant provisions of the state, bid up the prices of masks or other goods related to the people's livelihood urgently needed for epidemic prevention and control, seek huge profits, have a large amount of illegal income, or there are other serious circumstances that seriously disrupt the market order, and may be suspected of violating the provisions of Article 225 of the criminal law and engaging in other illegal business activities that seriously disrupt the market order, It constitutes the crime of illegal business operation.

22. During the period of epidemic prevention and control, anyone who fabricates false epidemic information and spreads it on the Internet or other public places, or knowingly helps to spread and disseminate such information, is suspected of violating Article 65 of the emergency response law of the people's Republic of China, and shall be ordered to correct and given a warning; In case of serious consequences, the business activities shall be suspended or the practice license shall be revoked according to law. If he is suspected of violating Article 25 of the law on administrative penalties for public security, he shall be detained for not less than 5 days but not more than 10 days, and may also be fined not more than 500 yuan; If the circumstances are minor, the offender shall be detained for not more than five days or fined not more than 500 yuan. Those who seriously disturb the social order may be suspected of violating Article 291-1 of the criminal law, constituting the crime of fabricating or deliberately spreading false information.

Editor: Zhang xuanjian
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